Sustainable Mobility

Transport systems are major emitters of greenhouse gases, responsible for a large part of world energy-related GHG emissions.


In all modern societies, for a number of reasons, people tend to increase their mobility. The functioning of a modern society puts heavy demand on the ability of individuals to be mobile. Economic, political and social factors affect both the total volume of transportation and its different modes.

The sustainable mobility aims at the reduction of adverse effects connected to mobility. This means, above all, promoting co-modality, i.e. optimally combining various modes of transport within the same transport chain, which looking forward, is the solution in the case of freight. Technical innovations and a shift towards the least polluting and most energy efficient modes of transport – especially in the case of long distance and urban travel - will also contribute to more sustainable mobility. A higher share of travel by collective transport, combined with minimum service obligations, will allow the density an frequency of service to be increased. Demand, management and land-use planning can lower traffic volumes. Facilitating walking and cycling should become an integral part of urban mobility and infrastructure design.