A management approach to environmental problems has the
advantage that any activity can be addressed with a number of tools that let
us manage, reduce and prevent environmental impact.
Performance indicators show how well an organization or
country is doing in relation to its goals.
To calculate the performance indicators environmental
monitoring and measuring is necessary.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is used in
infrastructure planning and design.
Environmental strategies in organizations includes to
understand what is done at the production site in terms of what and how it
is made. In a second step also to establish some form of material flow and
balance: the energy and materials that are input and the products and wastes
Eco-design means that environmental considerations must
enter into product development and design at a very early stage.
Environmental labeling is way to make it possible for the
consumer to choose environmental friendly products.
The life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an inventory, aggregation
and classification procedure to determine the environmental impacts of a
product during its entire life-cycle.
An environmental management system can be seen as composed
of a number of steps all subject to some form of continuous improvement.
There are two international standards for environmental
management; EMAS and ISO14001.